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Chemistry and Industry of Forest Products ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (4): 66-70.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-2417.2014.04.011

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Synthesis of Castor Oil-based Flame Retardant Polyols and Its Applicaition in Polyurethane Foams

ZHANG Li-qiang1, ZHANG Meng1,2, ZHOU Yong-hong1,2, HU Li-hong1,2, YANG Xiao-hui1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products, CAF;National Engineering Lab. for Biomass Chemical Utilization;Key and Open Lab. of Forest Chemical Engineering, SFA;Key Lab. of Biomass Energy and Material, Jiangsu Province, Nanjing 210042, China;
    2. Jiangsu Qianglin Bio-energy and Bio-materials Co., Ltd., Liyang 213364, China
  • Received:2013-06-21 Online:2014-08-25 Published:2015-08-18
  • Contact: 周永红(1966-),河南渑池人,研究员,博士,博士生导师,从事松脂化学、萜类化学与利用、生物质化学转化与应用的研究工作;E-mail:yhzhou777@sina.com。 E-mail:yhzhou777@sina.com

Abstract: In this paper, castor oil-based flame retardant polyols were synthesized using castor oil as raw material pretreated through glycerol alcoholysis, hydrogen peroxide epoxidation and ring-opening reaction between diethyl phosphate and epoxy group. The castor oil-based flame retardant polyols were than reacted with MDI to produce polyurethane foam (PUF). The structure of castor oil-based flame retardant polyols was characterized by FT-IR and 1H NMR. The mechanical behavior and flame resistance of PUF was studied by universal testing machine and limiting oxygen index (LOI) and thermogravimetric analysis, respectively. The results showed that the castor oil-based flame retardant polyols were prepared by a series of reactions and the hydroxyl value was increased to 420 mg/g. The value of PUF's LOI could reach about 23.8% from 20.1% compared with PUF prepared by alcoholisis castor oil, although the content of phosphorus in PUF is merely 1% and without any fire retardant. The compressive strength of polyurethane foam is increased from 0.118 MPa to 0.128 MPa and thermal stability of polyurethane foam increase with castor oil-based flame retardant polyols content increasing.

Key words: castor oil, polyols, flame-retardant, polyurethane, epoxidation

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