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Chemistry and Industry of Forest Products ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (6): 75-80.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-2417.2014.06.012

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Synthesis, Characterization and Properties of Rosin Ester Hydroxylpropyl Quaternary Ammonium Surfactants

HUANG Xiu-zhi1,2, RAO Xiao-ping1,3, XUE Zhi-ge2,4, CUI Yan-jie1   

  1. 1. Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products, CAF;National Engineering Lab.for Biomass Chemical Utilization;Key and Open Lab.of Forest Chemical Engineering, SFA; Key Lab. of Biomass Energy and Material, Jiangsu Province, Nanjing 210042, China;
    2. School of Traditional Chinese Materia Medica, Yunnan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Kunming 650500, China;
    3. Research Institute of Forestry New Technology, CAF, Beijing 100091, China;
    4. Food and Drug Administration of Yunnan Province, Kunming 650500, China
  • Received:2013-08-28 Online:2014-12-25 Published:2015-08-18

Abstract: Three rosin ester hydroxlpropoyl quaternary ammonium surfactants (Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅲ), were synthesized from dehydroabietic acid, acrylopimaric acid, maleopimaric acid and 2, 3-epoxy propyl trimethyl ammonium chloride (GTMAC). Their structures were characterized by IR, 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectra, respectively. The critical micelle concentration (Ccmc), surface tension (γcmc), emulsifying ability, foaming ability and bactericidal activity of three quaternary ammonium surfactants were evaluated. The results showed that their Ccmc values are 3.58×10-4, 2.53×10-4 and 3.25×10-4 mol/L, their γcmc were 38.9, 28.9 and 33.5 mN/m, their emulsifying abilities were 31, 33 and 38 min, respectively. The foaming ability of Ⅰ was better than the others, foaming ability was 115 mm, and 85 mm after 5 min. With the increase in the number of quaternary ammonium salt, HLB value was increased, and the hydrophilic of surfactant was enhanced. Compound Ⅰexhibited excellent antibacterial activity against Staphyloccocus aureus, and the minimum inhibition concentration was 4 mg/L.

Key words: rosin ester, hydroxylpropyl quaternary ammonium, surfactant activity, antibacterial activity

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