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Chemistry and Industry of Forest Products ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (2): 115-120.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-2417.2017.02.015

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Preparation and Properties of Complex Auto-catalytic Polyurethane Foams from Cardanol and Lignin

HUO Shuping1,2, CHEN Jian2, WU Guomin1,2, LIU Guifeng1,2, JIN Can2, KONG Zhenwu1,2   

  1. 1. Research Institute of Forestry New Technology, CAF, Beijing 100091, China;
    2. Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products, CAF;National Engineering Lab. for Biomass Chemical Utilization;Key and Open Lab. of Forest Chemical Engineering, SFA;Key Lab. of Biomass Energy and Material, Jiangsu Province, Nanjing 210042, China
  • Received:2016-09-07 Online:2017-04-25 Published:2017-05-04

Abstract: Novel auto-catalytic cardanol-based polyols (CPO) with tert-butyl on the main chain were synthesized from cardanol and used to prepare the cardanol-based polyurethane foam(CPUF) with polyaryl polymethylene isocyanate (PAPI) under catalyst-free conditions. Subsequently, CPUFs were modified by lignin to prepare lignin and cardanol based polyurethane foam(LCPUF). The influences of lignin on the structure and performance of the polyurethane foam were further investigated. The results showed that lignin significantly improved the apparent density and mechanical properties of the CPUF. When the dosage of lignin was 20%, the cell diameter of the synthesized foam LCPUF slightly decreased and had the maximal apparent density and compressive strength of 81.48 kg/m3 and 0.44 MPa. Thermogravimetric (TG) analysis demonstrated that lignin had no significant effect on the thermostability of polyurethane foam.

Key words: cardanol, lignin, auto-catalytic model, polyurethane foam, mechanical properties

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