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Chemistry and Industry of Forest Products ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 1-16.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-2417.2018.03.001

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Research Advances in Preparation of Furfural and Its Derivatives by Selective Catalytic Conversion of Hemicellulose

LU Yi1, ZHENG Zhifeng2, HUANG Yuanbo3, LI Wenbin3   

  1. 1. College of Ecology and Soil & Water Conservation, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224, China;
    2. Department of Science and Technology, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224, China;
    3. College of Materials Science & Engineering, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224, China
  • Received:2017-10-11 Online:2018-06-25 Published:2018-06-22

Abstract: The utilization of renewable biomass resources play an important role in solving the energy crisis and reducing environmental pollution. Along this background, the production of furan-based chemicals from lignocellulose becomes one of the research focuses in biorefinery. Furfural is the key furan-based building block, which is manufactured from hemicellulose fraction directly, and offers a promising, rich platform for lignocellulosic biofuels and value-added chemicals. So it is of great practical significance to develop green technologies for the production of furfural and the conversion of furfural to primary furan-based chemicals. In this review, the formation routes and catalytic conversion of hemicellulose into furfural were summarized with special attentions on the heterogeneous acid-catalysts for the production of furfural in the liquid phase, including zeolites, metal oxides, ion-exchange resins, clays and carbon materials. The formation routes and technologies starting from furfural to various furan-based chemicals, including furfuryl alcohol, tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol, 2-methylfuran, 2-methyltetrahydrofuran, furan, tetrahydrofuran, were reviewed.

Key words: hemicellulose, selective catalysis, furfural, furan-based chemicals

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