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Chemistry and Industry of Forest Products ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (5): 77-84.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-2417.2018.05.011

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Extraction of Chromogenic Component from Pterocarpus macrocarpus Kurz. Heartwood and Its Effect on Wood Color

ZHANG Peng, WEI Yanxia, LIU Yang, CHEN Yao, GAO Jianmin, FAN Yongming   

  1. MOE Key Laboratory of Wooden Materials Science and Application;Key Laboratory of Beijing for Wood Science and Engineering;Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2018-07-10 Online:2018-10-25 Published:2018-11-06

Abstract: Two groups of Pterocarpus macrocarpus Kurz. heartwood with different color were used as research objects in the present study to reveal its chromogenic mechanism. Extractives from water, benzene-alcohol, and dioxane were analyzed. Then, the color parameter and structure of extractives was measured by means of CIE Lab, FT-IR, UV-VIS and GC-MS spectroscopic analysis. It was found that P.macrocarpus wood was mainly reddish, and the deep-colored sample had a strong absorption in the green spectral region (496 nm), resulting in a higher a* value. More chromophoric components in light-colored samples were extracted with the same solvent compared with deep-colored samples. And the chromatic aberration of light-colored samples after extraction was higher than that of deep-colored samples. The chromatic aberration reached at the maximum value after extracted by 1,4-dioxane solvent compared to water and benzene-alcohol solvent. The main chromophore components in water extractive were unsaturated alcohol; in benzene-alcohol extractive, it contained unsaturated alcohol and conjugated carbonyl, benzene ring, non-conjugated carbonyl structures;in dioxane extractive, they were β-eudesmol, homopterocarpin and α-copaen-11-ol. β-eudesmol and homopterocarpin were the chromophoric substances related to the red-green axis chromaticity index a* in wood.

Key words: Pterocarpus macrocarpus Kurz., wood color, extractive, chromophoric component

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