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Chemistry and Industry of Forest Products ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (6): 97-104.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-2417.2021.06.013

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Thermal Degradation Characteristics of Lignin Nanoparticles and Its Reaction Kinetics Analysis

Jie TIAN1, Rui LOU1,*(), Xiangyu XUE1, Hong ZHANG1, Shubin WU2, Huimin XU3   

  1. 1. College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Shaanxi University of Science and Technology, Xi'an 710021, China
    2. School of Light Industry and Chemical Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China
    3. Shandong Century Sunshine Paper Group Co. Ltd., Weifang 262400, China
  • Received:2020-12-01 Online:2021-12-28 Published:2021-12-31
  • Contact: Rui LOU E-mail:lourui@sust.edu.cn


DES-lignin was extracted from pine feedstock by using deep eutectic solvents(DES) at treatment temperatures of 100, 130, and 150 ℃, and the resultant DES-lignin samples with nano scale were labeled as L100, L130, and L150, respectively. The yields and elemental compositions of DES-lignin were determined, and the thermal degradation characteristics of nanoscale DES-lignin were studied by fast pyrolysis and thermogravimetric analysis(TGA). The results showed that the yields of L100, L130 and L150 were 33.53%, 81.02% and 82.62%, respectively, along with lower H/C molar ratio. DES treatment temperatures of pine wood had significant effect on the thermal degradation properties of lignin nanoparticles. With the increment of DES treatment temperature, the yields of biochar derived from DES-lignin pyrolysis gradually increased, and biochar obtained by fast pyrolysis at 700 ℃ had great high calorific value(30.97-31.96 MJ/kg) and homogeneous mesoporous. Besides, TG analysis indicated that the intense pyrolysis reaction of DES-lignin took place mainly ranged from the temperature of 200 to 500 ℃, the peak temperatures of the maximum weight loss rate occurred around 265 and 385 ℃, respectively. In addition, non-isothermal Coats-Redfern integration method was used to fit the reaction kinetics of DES-lignin pyrolysis, which demonstrated that DES-lignin pyrolysis was a secondary kinetic reaction in the main reaction temperature zone(200-450 ℃), and the obtained activation energy of L100, L130 and L150 pyrolysis ranged 51.52-52.13 kJ/mol during temperature from 200 to 300 ℃ as well as 32.65-49.25 kJ/mol during temperature from 330 to 450 ℃.

Key words: deep eutectic solvent, lignin nanoparticle, biochar, kinetics

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