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Chemistry and Industry of Forest Products ›› 2022, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (3): 83-89.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-2417.2022.03.011

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Thermal Properties and Thermal Decomposition Kinetics of Tannic Acid

Yuxin LU, Lingang LU()   

  1. China People's Police University, Langfang 065000, China
  • Received:2021-04-08 Online:2022-06-28 Published:2022-07-04
  • Contact: Lingang LU E-mail:llg@iccas.ac.cn


Tannic acid(TA) is a kind of multi hydroxyl aromatic biomass. The thermal properties of TA were analyzed by thermogravimetric experiment, the carbonization process of TA was observed by muffle furnace heating experiment, the apparent activation energy was observed by KAS and Ozawa method, and the most probable function was determined by Satava method. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that TA entered the state of rapid weight loss at about 182 ℃; when the temperature reached 800 ℃, the carbon residue of TA in nitrogen atmosphere was 15.29%. In air atmosphere, the carbon residue was 1.97% due to the second rapid weight loss in the temperature range of 436-538 ℃. It was found in the macro carbonization experiment that TA would form an expanded carbon layer when heated. Among them, a hollow carbon layer appeared at 100-200 ℃, and a solid carbon layer was formed at 300-400 ℃, which had obvious expansion, integrity, compactness and good gloss. It had the potential to become a new carbon source in intumescent flame retardants. The results of thermal decomposition kinetics showed that the apparent activation energy of thermal decomposition of TA in nitrogen atmosphere was 494 kJ/mol, lgA was 111.32, and the most probable mechanism function of rapid weight loss stage was G(α)=[-ln(1-α)]1/n, n=0.105 3, and its thermal decomposition mechanism belonged to random nucleation and subsequent nucleation growth reaction.

Key words: biomass, charring performance, pyrolysis, kinetics

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