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Chemistry and Industry of Forest Products ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (1): 63-72.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-2417.2017.01.008

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Preparation and Characterization of Phenolic Foams Modified by Lignin-based Polyurethane Prepolymers

BO Caiying1, HU Lihong1,2, YANG Xiaohui1, ZHENG Minrui1, ZHANG Meng1, ZHOU Yonghong1   

  1. 1. Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products, CAF;National Engineering Lab. for Biomass Chemical Utilization;Key and Open Lab. of Forest Chemical Engineering, SFA;Key Lab. of Biomass Energy and Material, Jiangsu Province, Nanjing 210042, China;
    2. Research Institute of Forestry New Technology, CAF, Beijing 100091, China
  • Received:2016-06-15 Online:2017-02-25 Published:2017-02-25

Abstract: Lignin was liquefied with polyethylene glycol (PEG) in a solvent-free system and then directly used with suitable PEG as a co-monomer and co-solvent to prepare liquefied lignins (LLs)-based polyurethane prepolymers (LLPUPs). The structural changes that lignin undergoes after liquefaction were studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), the hydroxyl number of LL is 177-286 mg/g and decreases with the increasing of molecular mass of PEG. The structures of LLPUPs were characterized by FT-IR. Then, phenolic foams (PFs) modified with different contents of LLPUPs were prepared. Morphological properties, mechanical properties and thermal stability of PFs were assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), universal test and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Results show that uniform cells can be prepared by incorporating 9% LLPUP1 and LLPUP2 into the network. The addition of LLPUPs into foam formulations improves the compressive strength and specific compressive strength of PFs, and the highest specific compressive strength is obtained by adding 9% LLPUP2 (4.44(Pa·m3)/g). Appropriate levels of LLPUPs could improve the specific flexural strength of PFs, and the highest specific flexural strength is obtained by adding 9% LLPUP1 (8.23(Pa·m3)/g). PFs modified with different contents of LLPUPs show similar thermal resistance as pristine foam.

Key words: liquefied lignin, phenolic foams, polyurethane prepolymer, characterization

CLC Number: