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Chemistry and Industry of Forest Products ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 49-54.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-2417.2016.01.007

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Identification of the Bio-based and Petroleum Based Foam

DENG Kun-ming, MA Yan, WANG Hong-xiao, SHEN Juan-zhang, TAN Wei-hong   

  1. Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products, CAF;National Engineering Lab. for Biomass Chemical Utilization;Key and Open Lab. of Forest Chemical Engineering, SFA;Key Lab. of Biomass Energy and Material, Jiangsu province, Nanjing 210042, China
  • Received:2014-12-25 Online:2016-02-25 Published:2016-03-18

Abstract: The 14C content in the bio-based foam was determined by liquid scintillation based on ASTM D6866 method.Identification of the bio-based and petroleum based foam was based on the different biobased content.In this experiment, the sample quality is determined by the elemental analysis.The temperature of the ignition experiment is dependent on TG.After combustion, the sample was converted to carbon dioxide.Through a series of chemical reactions, it was synthesised to be liquid benzene.Through the determination of radioactive carbon isotope, content of 14C in benzene was used to identify biomass based foams and petroleum based foam.The background coal and standard substance sugar carbon were detected simultaneously.The results showed that the 14C radioactivity values of sugar carbon were the standard value, and the results of biobased content result is in agreement with that of the American Beta laboratory by using accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) method.The bio-based content of four kinds of foam samples are 18.77%, 23.51%, 5.39% and 11.13%, respectively.They all are bio-based foam.It indicates that the bio-based foam and the petroleum based foam can be identified by this method.

Key words: bio-based foam, benzene synthesis, radiocarbon, liquid scintillation counter

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